Connect with us

Business

How space tourism and rockets to Mars became ‘critical’ business during the pandemic

Published

on

Vacant office buildings, factories and restaurants across the country serve as ghostly reminders of an economy shuttered by the COVID-19 pandemic. But the U.S. space industry has remained open for business.

SpaceX, for example, continues to build and test early prototypes of its Starship spacecraft, which CEO Elon Musk has long billed as the vehicle that will one day carry the first humans to Mars. And the company continues to launch batches of satellites into orbit as part of its plan to debut a multibillion-dollar telecom business later this year. Factories belonging to Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic — both of which are developing rocket-powered vehicles designed to send wealthy tourists to the edge of space — also remain open for workers. And some startups, such as Firefly and Relativity, are still working to design rockets that might not be ready to fly for months or years into the future.

In COVID-19 guidelines it issued in March, the U.S. government deemed the space industry part of the country’s “critical infrastructure.” The Department of Defense and NASA have asked their private-sector partners to continue working on key programs, such as SpaceX’s upcoming mission to shuttle two NASA astronauts to the International Space Station.

The federal government said its list of crucial business sectors is intended to outline which functions are “critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security,” and state governments have widely adhered to that guidance in lockdown orders.

But critics say these “critical business” designations have given the space industry broad license to continue work on projects that are far from critical.

“It’s a free-for-all,” said Laura Seward Forczyk, a consultant and founder of space research firm Astralytical. “And it’s less to do with public health and more about economics.”

A balancing act

Space companies say they can safely continue their efforts and protect their workforce. People who are able to work remotely stay home, they say, and workers required to be hands-on at factories are following social distancing guidelines whenever possible by spacing out workers’ shifts. As one industry group argued, the sector’s commercial activity is also intertwined with crucial U.S. national security projects and NASA programs, making it impossible or impractical to wind down one area of operations without affecting another.

Blue Origin, for example, said the development of its smaller space tourism rocket informs the design of an engine that will power its forthcoming New Glenn rocket. That vehicle is one of only a few rockets that the U.S. military is considering for future launches of large, expensive national security satellites.

The company was considering moving forward with a scheduled test flight of its tourism vehicle, but workers pushed back, the Verge reported last month. Blue Origin told CNN Business last week that it never had and still does not have a firm date in place for that test.

“We are following all [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] guidelines at all of our facilities,” the company said in a statement, “and have implemented additional procedures to ensure the ongoing safety of our employees.”

The U.S. Air Force and the newly cemented Space Force also have a deep interest in ensuring that the United States has a financially healthy commercial space industry working on cutting-edge space technologies. The U.S. military and its corporate contractors often describe outer space as the next war fighting domain, warning that the U.S. is competing for dominance there with adversaries, such as Russia and China.

But, as the United States grapples with the coronavirus outbreak, some question whether the industry is putting its workers at undue risk in the name of national security.

“We’re not talking about doctors and hospitals — we’re talking about aerospace,” Forczyk said. “I don’t think that the general public at all believes the industry is essential.”

Some space industry experts — and even lobbyists and some military officials — say they recognize space companies are moving forward with projects that don’t fall neatly into what the federal government considers “critical infrastructure.” But authorities so far have not tightened the industry’s restrictions.

It’s a “deeply political issue,” said Brian Weeden, a space policy expert at the Secure World Foundation, a nonprofit that promotes sustainable uses of outer space.

“Regulators know that, either way, they could get blamed,” Weeden said. “If they tell businesses to close, that means they are losing revenue and possibly having to furlough workers. And that’s weighed against the public health consequences.”

And that is a complex balance to strike amid this unprecedented crisis, Weeden added.

Rocket-sized gray areas

NASA and the military have delayed a few of their own space-related projects in light of the pandemic, including work on the rocket NASA plans to use for its upcoming moon mission and plans to launch GPS satellites on board a SpaceX rocket.

As states began issuing stay-at-home orders in March, a patchwork of guidelines from different levels of government complicated efforts to define which businesses were “essential.”

Often, local authorities were at odds with the federal government.

“Defense contractors were being pulled over and given citations for going to work,” Lt. Col. Mike Andrews, a spokesman for U.S. Under Secretary of Defense Ellen Lord, said in an email.

On March 20, the Defense Department issued a four-paragraph memo that urged states to allow defense contractors to keep their normal work schedules. It referenced a new Department of Homeland Security document that listed “aerospace” among the industries that are essential to the military’s industrial base. Days later, the DHS guidelines were updated to include “space and aerospace.”

Industry groups also lobbied in March for protection and financial assistance, emphasizing the sector’s deep ties to the military. One letter warned lawmakers that the sector could suffer “lasting harm” from the economic downturn caused by the pandemic, and it asked that launches be exempt from lockdown orders.

Some of the federal government’s intentions are obvious, said Jeff Bialos, an aerospace attorney with the law firm Eversheds Sutherland and former Deputy Under Secretary of Defense. The military wants to protect production of fighter jets, tankers and weapons systems — as well as the government’s weather tracking, GPS and spy satellites.

But, when it comes to the space industry, those guidelines have rocket-sized gray areas, Bialos said.

It’s not clear to what extent a company or specific factory needs to be involved in defense-related work to be considered critical, he added.

Government contracts are extremely common even among the space industry’s youngest startups.

Rocket companies often receive bits of funding from the Department of Defense or NASA well before they’re ready to fly something into space. Many such startups are continuing work amid the pandemic — from Virgin Orbit, which says it’s weeks away from its first orbital mission and has a deal to launch experimental satellites for the Air Force, to a nascent company called SpinLaunch, which is still developing and testing a unique launch system that could be years away from actually launching a satellite into space.

Some military officials, including Air Force assistant secretary for acquisition Will Roper, have argued that space technologies are crucial to US national security interests — whether that tech is in the early stages of development or currently operational.

“We need to do more to stabilize this important market that’s going to continue U.S. leadership in space, both militarily and commercially,” Roper told reporters Wednesday, adding that, in his view, it is critical to support the entire space industry supply chain. “Space is particularly vulnerable [because] it’s not an area that you can snap your fingers and take a company that does one type of work [and] get them working in space systems.”

Still, NASA and the DOD appear to be taking a more cautious approach to proceeding with their in-house projects, even as their contractors have remained operational.

NASA, for example, halted work on a massive rocket that it plans to use to return humans to the moon in 2024, citing COVID-19 concerns. But this week, NASA handed out contracts to three companies — including to SpaceX and Blue Origin — to continue development of lunar landers that will be used for that same mission.

A space agency spokesperson said NASA does consider that work “essential,” though it is “is fully supportive of our contractors stopping work if it cannot be done safely.” The spokesperson added that, “much of the work that NASA and our contractors will perform to refine the proposed lander concepts will be done remotely.”

The military’s Space and Missile Systems Center also decided to delay the launch of new GPS satellites on a SpaceX rocket, citing concerns about workers gathering at the launch site. That announcement came just days before SpaceX moved forward with a launch of its own Starlink satellites.

Musk has drawn criticism for his public remarks about the pandemic. In March, he predicted that newly reported cases would be “close to zero” by the end of April. This week, as the U.S. confirmed case total topped 1 million, Musk tweeted “FREE AMERICA NOW,” echoing protesters who have called on state governments to ease stay-at-home restrictions despite warnings from top public health officials. During a call with investors on Wednesday, Musk also referred to shelter-in-place orders as “an outrage” akin to “forcibly imprisoning people in their homes against all their constitutional rights.”

SpaceX did not reply to multiple requests for comment on this story. But during a press conference about SpaceX’s Crew Dragon mission on Friday, chief operating officer Gwynne Shotwell said about half of the company’s engineers are working from home. Workers who do have to be at the factory are wearing protective gear, practicing social distancing guidelines and having their temperatures taken.

National security vs. public health

The National Security Space Association, a group that works to foster public-private cooperation, echoed that idea in an April 11 policy paper, saying that the United States’ enemies are aware of how the pandemic is affecting the U.S. space industry.

“Companies lacking cash reserves will furlough their workers, declare bankruptcy, or become targets for foreign capital or takeover,” the paper reads. “Our nation’s adversaries are aware of the readiness challenges COVID-19 presents to our national security space enterprise.”

The organization also argued that it’s impossible for the space industry to clearly define activities as purely commercial or defense-related because the two are “closely linked and often one and the same.”

But with more than one million COVID-19 cases reported in the United States and millions of Americans filing for unemployment as they shelter at home to combat the virus’ spread — can the space industry argue that testing tourism spacecraft or developing a Mars rocket is truly essential for national security?

When asked about those projects, Steve Jacques, the executive director of NSSA, said he recognized that is “a very sensitive topic.”

But, “we must ensure that the defense industrial base is employed — to make sure that we stay safe,” he said. “We hope the American people understand that the core of our democracy starts with national security.”

And with vague “essential business” definitions guiding the space industry, it may be best left up to the companies to decide what activities can be carried out safely and what may put workers at risk, said Eric Stallmer, president of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation, a lobbying group that represents companies including SpaceX.

“There is a lot of ambiguity” in the federal guidelines, he said. “I think if you can make a case for it, nobody is going to shut you down.”

But, he added, business concerns shouldn’t outweigh the need to protect human lives. “At this time,” he said, “I think we need to be focusing on our health care providers and keeping the nation well — so we can be well economically in the long run.”



Source link

Business

Greater Vernon businesses honoured for excellence – Vernon Morning Star

Published

on

By

Businesses in the Vernon area received some well-earned accolades last week.

The Greater Vernon Chamber of Commerce announced its 2020 Business Excellence Award winners Friday night, with awards handed out in 12 categories during a virtual gala.

“It was an exciting evening as the winner in each category was announced, and this year was truly a celebration of entrepreneurial spirit, vision and thinking outside of the box as our businesses and non-profit agencies navigate the challenges created by the pandemic,” said Krystin Kempton, Greater Vernon Chamber president.

The winners of the 2020 Business Excellence Awards are:

  • Business of the Year sponsored by Valley First: The Med

(Honourable mention: Intermezzo Restaurant & Wine Cellar, Okanagan Spirits Craft Distillery)

  • People’s Choice Award sponsored by Total Restoration Services: Turning Points Collaborative Society

(Honourable mention: Sterling Centre Remedy’s RX Pharmacy, J.C. Tompson Construction, The Bridge Educational Society)

  • Small Business of the Year sponsored by Community Futures: Anna’s Vitamins Plus

(Honourable mention: Home for Dinner, Kalamalka General Store, Ritual Barbershop)

  • New Business of the Year sponsored by MNP LLP: Fill – Vernon’s Refill Store

(Honourable mention: Bottle None, Boarding House Cafe, Cheese on Wheels)

  • Young Entrepreneur of the Year sponsored by Nixon Wenger Lawyers: Alysia Lor-Knill, Teassential

(Honourable mention: Mitchel Derksen, Numu Consulting; Elmaz Wilder, Ritual Barbershop; Kayley Letendre, Sugarbees Ice Cream Company)

  • Businessperson of the Year sponsored by Kal Tire: Tony Dyck, Okanagan Spirits Craft Distillery

(Honourable mention: Brad Pelletier, Predator Ridge Resort; Richard Finn, Wayside; Joe Pearson, Remax)

  • Employer of the Year sponsored by City of Vernon: Sproing Creative

(Honourable mention: Community Futures North Okanagan, Valley First, The Home Depot)

  • Customer Service Award sponsored by Okanagan Spring Brewery: Sterling Centre Remedy’s RX Pharmacy

(Honourable mention: Intermezzo Restaurant & Wine Cellar, Vernon Teach and Learn, Olive Us Oil & Vinegar Tasting Room, Okanagan Restoration)

  • Manufacturer of the Year sponsored by Tekmar Control Systems: UnderGround Kombucha

(Honourable mention: Kekuli Bay Cabinetry, Summit Tiny Homes, Planet Bee Honey Farm)

  • Non-Profit Excellence Award sponsored by Community Foundation North Okanagan: Social Planning Council North Okanagan

(Honourable mention: Venture Training, Greater Vernon Museum & Archives, North Okanagan Valley Gleaners)

  • Community Leader of the Year sponsored by De Vine Vintners: Okanagan Spirits Craft Distillery

(Honourable mention: The Fig Bistro, Lake City Casino, Vernon Teach and Learn)

  • Innovator of the Year sponsored by TD Bank: The Med

(Honourable mention: Caufields Engraving, Turning Points Collaborative Society, Martens Holdings)

The winners will be invited to a private event to receive their awards in person.

With the People’s Choice Award, partial proceeds from online voting will establish a scholarship for a local business student while other proceeds will fund Chamber initiatives to support local business.

The gala featured video messages from Ken Holland, general manager of the Edmonton Oilers; and Jillian Harris, founder and creative director of Jillian Harris Design, former Bachelorette and co-host of Love It Or List It Vancouver. There was also a live performance by Andrew Allen.


@VernonNews
newsroom@vernonmorningstar.com

Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.

Awards

Get local stories you won’t find anywhere else right to your inbox.
Sign up here



Source link

Continue Reading

Business

Supreme Announces Business Model and Name Change

Published

on

By

One of North America’s leading steel solution providers returns to its roots

ACHESON, AB, Oct. 27, 2020 /CNW/ – Supreme is proud to announce a major change to our business model and to simultaneously unveil an exciting refresh of our operating name and brand.

Since 1972, we have been transforming landscapes across western Canada and the United States with major projects like the Rainier Tower in Seattle, the Port Mann Bridge in Vancouver and the Diavik diamond mine in the Northwest Territories, to name a few.

Today we honour our history, returning to the roots set down by company founders John and Sally Leder.

Our company is rolling together the brands Supreme Group, Canron, Midwest Constructors and Supreme Industrial.

Going forward we will be known as Supreme Steel LP.

Along with our brand and name change, our services have been refined.

Supreme Steel will no longer offer large scope general contracting or multi-disciplinary module construction services. Structural steel and bridges have built the company’s foundation as a focused leading steel solution provider, and we are recommitting to these offerings.

Over the past 50 years, our family-run company has developed expertise in fabricating and constructing extraordinary steel projects. From bridges to skyscrapers, maintenance work to plant modifications, and potash headframes to barges Supreme is your complex steel solution provider. Our large facilities and strong geographical diversity allows us to provide these services from coast-to-coast.

Please visit our new website www.supremesteel.com to view our brand story and to read more about our offerings.

Exceptional people. Enduring relationships. Extraordinary solutions

SOURCE Supreme Steel

For further information: Media Contact: Rhandi Berndt, Marketing & Communication Coordinator, Supreme Steel, [email protected]

Source link

Continue Reading

Business

AIG to depart from life & retirement business

Published

on

By

“AIG’s executive management and board believe a simplified corporate structure will unlock significant value for shareholders and other stakeholders,” a company release said. “Although no decisions have been made as to how to achieve a full separation, the board’s intent is to accomplish it in a way that maximizes shareholder value and establishes two independent, market leading companies.”

“Over the last three years, we have taken significant action to de-risk AIG and position the company for profitable growth, including fortifying general insurance, diversifying life & retirement, significantly strengthening AIG’s capital and liquidity position, and building a world-class team,” said outgoing AIG CEO Brian Duperreault in a statement. “This foundational work has positioned AIG to pursue a separation of life & retirement enabling both companies to prosper as stand-alone entities.” 

Read more: AIG appoints Peter Zaffino as CEO

AIG’s decision to separate from the life & retirement business comes shortly after it named Peter Zaffino to serve as the company’s newest chief executive officer, succeeding current CEO Duperreault. Duperreault will transition into a new role as executive chairman of the company.

“Across AIG, we have made significant progress executing on our strategy to deliver value for our clients, distribution partners, shareholders and other stakeholders,” commented CEO-elect Zaffino on the decision. “Our businesses can be further strengthened by separating life & retirement from AIG, which we believe will enable each entity to achieve a more appropriate and sustainable valuation.”

Coinciding with the major announcement, AIG also revealed its Q3 2020 catastrophe loss estimates. The company’s catastrophe loss estimates for the third quarter, net of reinsurance, totaled US$790 million (before tax). Of that US$790 million, there was US$185 million of estimated catastrophe losses for claims related to COVID-19 – principally in AIG’s travel, event cancellation, trade credit, property, agriculture, and casualty books of business.

AIG also announced the results of its annual actuarial assumption update for the life & retirement and legacy segments. This year saw lower interest rate assumptions, including a decrease in the expected 10 year forward 10-year Treasury rate to approximately 2.8%.

The company recorded a third quarter 2020 charge of US$7 million, after-tax (US$9 million pre-tax), to net income attributable to AIG common shareholders, representing a charge of US$22 million, pre-tax, in the life & retirement segment and a benefit of US$13 million, pre-tax, in the legacy segment.

Source link

Continue Reading

Trending